Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a National Holiday in India to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the ‘Father of the Nation‘. Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869; therefore each year Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on this day. It is observed in all states and union territories of India as one of the three official declared National Holidays of India.
On 15 June 2007, The United Nations General Assembly announced that October 2nd will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Gandhi had a natural love for ‘truth‘ and ‘duty‘. With his complete dedication and confidence, Gandhi freed India from the British Rule and proved the world that freedom can be achieved with non-violence. Even today his teachings are encouraged to stay away from violence and find peaceful solutions to conflicts. For Gandhi, Truth and Non-violence was his entire philosophy of life.
Gandhiji was born on 2nd October 1869, in Porbunder, a small town in Gujarat. He studied law in U.K and practiced law in South Africa. In his autobiography “My experiments with Truth” Gandhiji described his childhood and teen age years, his marriage with Kasturba at the age of 13 and a sheer dedication for his mother land. He has set an example of simple living and high thinking. He was against the addictions like smoking, drinking and non-vegetarianism.
Gandhi Jayanti Celebration:
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated all over the country and in both government and non-government organizations. Since it’s a national holiday all schools, colleges and offices all over the country remain closed.
Grand celebration events are organized by the major schools in India to celebrate the Gandhi Jayanti at 2nd of October every year. Students of schools enthusiastically take part in the Gandhi Jayanti event celebrations. Gandhi Jayanti, a birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi is also celebrated as the International Peace Day all across the world. Students sing a song based on the truth and non violence message of Bapu, recite poems and present their own sights on the Gandhian philosophy by the speeches and recitations.
Small children celebrate this event by dressing up same as the Gandhi ji as well as performing the nationalistic songs. Students also take part in the rally using banners which conveys the significance of peace and non-violence throughout the country. In the end of the celebration, students and teachers take a pledge.
How it is Celebrated
- People in India celebrate the birthday anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi every year on 2nd of October by including the following events:
- People perform the prayer services, memorial ceremonies and homage all over the India.
- Exhibitions of art, science and competitions of essay held.
- Awards presentations take place in order to promote the living of non-violent life.
- People used of seeing the films and reading the books related to the achievements and life struggle of the Mahatma Gandhi.
- People at many places in India like schools, colleges used to sing the famous devotional song of the Bapu “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram”.
- Garlands of beautiful flowers are placed on the statues of Mahatma Gandhi all through the India by the people.
- Some people avoid taking meat and alcohol at this day.
Read about Chandaka Elephant reserve.